Does The Day Begin In Darkness?

Does The Day Begin In Darkness?

I have to confess up front that this side of eternity, I will probably never buy in to the belief that the day begins in the evening. I pretty much settled in on my position in 2017 after doing some research. However, I stumbled upon information recently that compelled me to write this article. Believe me, I am not trying to stir up contention among my brothers and sisters in the faith. What I am presenting here is an explanation based on research as to how I came to this conclusion. I invite your comments and am open to hearing your position on the matter if you disagree. Let’s dive in, shall we.

In The Beginning

The creation narrative begins with a chaotic earth immersed in darkness. Then Yahuah says, “Let there be light: and there was light.” Yah separated the light from darkness and told us that the light was a good thing.

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Ruach Elohiym moved on upon the face of the waters. And Elohiym said, Let there be light: and there was light. And Elohiym saw the light, that it was good: And Elohiym divided the light from the darkness.

Genesis 1:2-4 Cepher

Why did Yah declare the light to be good? When trying to answer this question we have to go back to the Hebrew where the word translated as good is tov (טוב). The meaning implies that the light is functional. The word for light is or (אור). Or has several meanings, depending on the context. In this case it is associated with illumination.

Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path..

Psalm 119:105

The people walking in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death, a light has dawned.

Isaiah 9:3

The righteous and faithful Simeon, full of the Word, was enlightened. He had eyes that saw the promised Messiah. And because he understood prophecy, he could fully comprehend how Yeshua’s light would be able to save not just Hebrews but people of all nations.

For my eyes have seen Your salvation, which You have prepared in the sight of all people, a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and for glory to Your people Israel.

Luke 2:30-32

The word darkness (choshek) means obscurity, and figuratively misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, or wickedness. The primitive root of choshek is chashak which means to be or become dark, grow dim; to hide, conceal or obscure.

When Yeshua began his ministry in Galilee, he came face to face with people who were unable to fully understand Yah or His Kingdom. The message of the Gospel of the Kingdom was obscured or confused due to years of bad theology. This is why Yeshua’s teaching was so earth shattering. Through the Ruach Elohiym (Spirit of Elohim) Messiah brought illumination to their minds that enabled them to comprehend the fullness of the Gospel message.

When Yeshua heard that John had been imprisoned, he withdrew to Galilee. Leaving Nazareth, he went and lived in Capernaum, which is by the sea in the region of Zebulun and Naptali, to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah: Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali, the Way of the Sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles — the people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death, a light has dawned. From that time on Yeshua began to preach, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.”

Matthew 4: 12-17

When Does A Day Begin?

And Elohim called the light day, and the darkness He called night, and there was evening, and there was morning, day one.

Genesis 1:5

Day. How can one three letter word imply so many meanings? If you searched the definition of this noun, here is a sampling of what the results will return:

  • the interval of light between two successive nights
  • the time between sunrise and sunset
  • the portion of a day allotted to work
  • the light of day; daylight
  • each of the 24 hour periods, reckoned from one midnight to the next, into which a week, month or year is divided [and corresponding to a rotation of the earth on its axis.1]
  • the time between sunrise and sunset

However, the consensus among modern definitions of the word “day” seems to be either —

  1. a time existing between the rising and setting of the sun, or
  2. a period of 24 hours corresponding to a single revolution of the sun around [the fixed, stationary] earth. 2

Most followers of rabbinical Judaism believe the day begins at night. Meir M. Ydit, writing for the Conservative Judaism Journal in 1981, asserts that the Jewish rendering of a day beginning in the evening is not based on Scripture, but on customs and historical changes.

In the Jewish tradition it is customary to count the day from the onset of night (i.e., the visibility of three stars in the sky) until after the sunset of the following day. Thus the halakhic ruling: Halailah nimshakh aharei hayom, the night follows (i.e., is part of the day which comes after it. This method of counting was based upon the language of the Bible in the creation story (Gen. 1) where it says several times “and it was evening, and it was morning, the first (second, third, etc.) day.” Because of the language of the Bible, in which the evening is antecedent to the morning, it was reasoned that in the counting of the unit “day” the evening is reckoned to belong to the day which comes after it. However, a more precise scrutiny of this test shows that the opposite is true…But we should know that this time-honored custom which we regard and accept as obligatory evolved gradually and is the result of historical changes.

The Counting of ‘Day’ and ‘Night’, by Meir M. Ydit, Conservative Judaism Journal, Vol. 35, No.1, Fall 1981, The Rabbinical Assembly,

So, What Does Scripture Say?

When Yah separated the light from the darkness, this action also divided “time” into day and night. Let’s examine the two foremost luminaries and understand their purpose and function.

Then Yahuah made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He made the stars also.

Genesis 1:16
The day begins with the Sun and ends with the appearance of the Moon

How does Scripture define the term “day” from a traditional (non-Jewish) Hebraic perspective? To find out, we will go back to Genesis.

And Elohim called the light ‘day’ and the darkness He called ‘night.’ And there came to be evening and there came to be morning, one day.

Genesis 1:5, The Scriptures TS 2009

Jeff Benner’s translation reads like this:

5 and~he~will~CALL.OUT(Verb) (וַיִּקְרָא / wai’yiq’ra) Elohiym (אֱלֹהִים / e’lo’him) to~LIGHT (לָאוֹר / la’or) DAY (יוֹם / yom) and~to~DARKNESS (וְלַחֹשֶׁךְ / wê’la’hho’shekh) he~did~CALL.OUT(Verb) (קָרָא / qa’ra) NIGHT (לָיְלָה / lai’lah) and~he~will~EXIST(Verb) (וַיְהִי / wai’hi) EVENING (עֶרֶב / e’rev) and~he~will~EXIST(Verb) (וַיְהִי / wai’hi) MORNING (בֹקֶר / vo’qer) DAY (יוֹם / yom) UNIT (אֶחָד / e’hhad)

which, reads like this in English:

“and Elohiym called out to the light, day…and to the darkness he called out, night…and evening existed and morning existed: a day unit.”

Other examples:

Christian Standard Bible
God called the light “day,” and the darkness he called “night.” There was an evening, and there was a morning: one day.

International Standard Version
calling the light “day,” and the darkness “night.” The twilight and the dawn were day one.

New American Standard 1977 
And God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.

It seems to me that Genesis 1:5 is saying the 24 hour period we generically refer to as a day consists of 4 parts: morning, day, evening and night. They are one unit. In my humble opinion, I do not believe the verse is saying that a day begins at night.

4 Parts of Day Illustrated
Twenty four hour day

Morning = H1242
boker: dawn (as the break of day); generally morning: — day, day, early, morning, morrow

Day = H3117
yom: from an unused root meaning to be hot; a dry (as the warm hours),

Evening = H6153
erev: dusk — day, even, evening, evening tide, even tide, night.
from H6150 arab, a primitive root; to grow dusky at sundown: — be darkened, evening, toward evening.
H6151 arab, commingle: — mingle, mingle self, mix.

Night = H3915
layil: a twist (away of the light); i.e. night; figuratively adversity: — night, midnight, night season.

Here are a few Scripture verses that distinguish day from night. 

2 Samuel 2:32And they brought Ash’el and buried him in his father’s burial-site, which was in Beyth Lehem. and Yo’ab and his men went all night, and they came to Hebron at daybreak.
Exodus 18: 13,14And it came to be, on the next day; that Mosheh sat to rightly rule the people. And the people stood before Mosheh from morning until evening.
Judges 16:2…the Azzathites saying, “Shimshon has come here!” So they went round and lay in wait for him all night at the gate of the city, and kept silent all night, saying, “In the morning, when it is daylight, then we shall kill him”
Judges 19:9And the man arose to go, he and his concubine and his servant. But his father-in-law, the young woman’s father said to him, “See, the day is now drawing toward evening. Please spend the night. See, the day is coming to an end. Stay here, and let your heart be glad. And you shall rise early tomorrow for your journey, and you shall go to your tent.”
Luke 24:29But they pleaded with Him, “Stay with us, for it is nearly evening and the day* is almost over.” So He went in to stay with them.

*2250. hémera — definition: day; usage: a day, the period from sunrise to sunset.

Clear as Night and Day

Based on my understanding and research, morning + day + evening + night = the four parts of one 24 hour day.

The disciples said to him, “Teacher, the Yahudim were seeking just now to stone you, and are you going there again?” Yeshua replied, Are there not twelve hours in the day. If anyone walks around in the daylight, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world. But if anyone walks around in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.

John 11: 8-10

This statement by our Messiah is as clear as day.

For many years the tags “and there was evening, and there was morning, day X” threw me into a state of confusion. But when you add evening and morning, you have a 24 hour “day unit.” Thanks be to Elohim, that He is not the author of confusion, but clarity that comes by walking in the light of Torah.

It is my position that evening, by definition, concludes the day(time) hours and always follows a period of light. This means that “day” commenced first (following morning) and nighttime was preceded by evening — making a full 24 hour day. So, a day (governed by the greater light of the sun) cannot begin in the evening, when the day ends and the moon (the lesser light) takes over to rule the night.

When speaking of the Day of Yahuah, Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy told believers in Thessalonica:

You are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night nor of darkness.

If we are children of the light, why would our Father tell us to begin each day in darkness?


1 Based on the heliocentric globe model of earth. See The Gospel Worth Dying For, Chapter 7, “Biblical Cosmography.”

2 Based on geocentric biblical cosmology.

How Do We Redeem Time?

How Do We Redeem Time?

In his letter to believers in Colosse, the Apostle Paul implored believers there to walk in wisdom and redeem time.

Walk in wisdom toward those outside, redeeming the time.

Colossians 4:5

What was Paul telling them, and why did he use the word redeem when referring to time?

One of the cornerstones of Kingdom living is understanding how to be good stewards of our time — our most precious commodity. Once it is gone, you can never get it back.

Most life coaches will tell you that the best way to harness the time we have on this earth is to develop routines or daily rituals. They say these habits will save time, and simplify your life. However, while saving time through daily rituals may be a worthwhile goal, believers in Messiah should also be primarily focused on redeeming time.

How You Redeem Time

If you take a closer look at the words time and redeem in the Hebrew and Greek you will discover something very interesting. The first time the word redeem appears in Scripture is in Exodus 6:6.

Therefore say to the children of Israel: I am Yahuah; I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, I will rescue you from their bondage, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.

Exodus 6z:6

Redeem in the Hebrew is גאל (Strongs #H1350) which relates to the ancient near east concept of kinship; that is to be the next of kin, and as such, to buy back a relative’s property, marry his widow, etcetera. The Greek word is exagorazo (Strong’s G1805). It means to buy up or ransom or rescue from loss. It comes from the word agorzo (#G58/G59) which means to gather in the marketplace to purchase. It implies the purchase of something. It has little to do with measuring the flow of time.


When you put it all together, the verse could be telling us that there is a window of time to do something. It implies that the opportunity will not always be here. In an agricultural context the meaning becomes clear. There is an appointed time that the farmer has to harvest the crops before the entire field goes bad. What Paul is saying is that we live in evil, dark times. We have limited opportunities to do the good works Yahuah has called us to do. If we allow ourselves to get caught up in the busyness and troubles of each day, we will miss many opportunities to harvest souls for the Kingdom.

This is why establishing daily routines or rituals are important. These habits serve the purpose of putting us on auto pilot, so the routine things of living don’t devour our time.

When you choose to wake up at a set time each morning to study the Scriptures, it is part of the process of redeeming time. Maybe your ritual includes morning prayer or journaling while sipping a cup of coffee. Part of your daily routine can be devoted to exercising and planning healthy meals for your family.

When our days are organized, it frees us up for the important work of loving our neighbor and reaching out to the lost so they can experience the redemption Messiah paid for us on the tree.

Redeeming Time Will Cost You

The process of making the most of each day does not come easy. It requires introspection, prayer, wisdom and planning. When you have set goals for each day and routinely follow a plan, your life becomes less chaotic. Therefore, when you encounter crisis situations, they will be easier to navigate because of the good habits you have already cultivated. You will be able to see the opportunities for ministry Yahuah has set before you. It will be easier to discern the voice of the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spiirt) telling you to “go there” or “speak to that person.”

Are you willing to pay the price to redeem the time so that others can be set free?

Acts 29: The Missing Chapter?

Acts 29: The Missing Chapter?

Is Acts 29 The Missing Chapter?

When you get to the end of the book of Acts you may notice something peculiar. Unlike most of the other epistles included in the New Testament (other than James and 3 John) Acts does not end with the customary “amen.” Chapter 28’s rather abrupt conclusion to the story of the beginnings of the early church has led to speculation that the book of Acts is missing a final chapter. This is an important observation since Paul was chosen by Yeshua to be the Apostle to the nations (Gentiles).

But rise and stand on your feet; for I have appeared to you for this purpose, to make you a minister and a witness both of the things which you have seen and of the things which I will yet reveal to you. ‘I will deliver you from the people, as well as the nations, to whom I send you, to open their eyes, to turn them from darkness to light and from the power of Satan to Elohim, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who are sanctified by faith in me.’

Acts 26:16-18

Although Paul immediately answered the call to proclaim the Gospel of the Kingdom, he was constantly being thwarted in his efforts by a certain sect of the Pharisees. The religious leaders who crucified the Messiah were determined to kill him.

“Therefore, King Agrippa, I was not disobedient to the heavenly vision, but declared first to those in Damascus and in Jerusalem, and throughout all the region of Judea, and to the nations, that they should repent, turn to Elohim, and do works befitting repentance. For these reasons the Yahudiym seized me in the Temple and tried to kill me.”

Acts 26:19-21

Many of us were led to believe that Acts 28 was the beginning of the end for Paul while under Roman house arrest. We were left with the impression that Paul was immediately beheaded in Rome. But was this the case? According to Dr. Ralph F. Wilson:

Presumably Paul would have had a hearing before Caesar (Acts 27:24) at the end of this period. The possible results might be: (1) conviction and execution, (2) conviction and much stricter confinement, (3) exile from Rome, or (4) Paul’s accusers don’t appear and his case is dismissed. Perhaps the significance of the “two years” of Acts 28:30 is that it is the statutory time that Paul’s accusers have to bring their case before the emperor before the case is dismissed. We’re not sure. At any rate, there seems to be a firm Christian tradition that Paul was released for a time before his final execution.

Dr. Ralph F. Wilson, Doctor of Ministry & Master of Divinity, Fuller Theological Seminary

As usual, do your own research. I have posted the text of Acts 29, better known as the “Long Lost Chapter of the Acts of the Apostles” for your convenience. It picks up where Acts 28:31 ends. Or, you can watch the video which features a voiceover narration with images.

Acts 29

1 And Paul, full of the blessings of Christ, and abounding in the spirit, departed out of Rome, determined to go into Spain, for he had a long time proposed to journey thither ward, and was minded also to go from thence to Britain. 

2 For he had heard in Phoenicia that certain of the children of Israel, about the time of the Assyrian captivity, had escaped by sea to “The Isles afar off” as spoken by the Prophet Esdras, and called by the Romans – Britain. 

3 And the Lord commanded the gospel to be preached far hence to the Gentiles, and to the lost sheep of the House of Israel.  

4 And no man hindered Paul; for he testified boldly of Jesus before the tribunes and among the people; and he took with him certain of the brethren which abode with him at Rome, and they took shipping at Ostrium and having the winds fair, were brought safely into a haven of Spain.

5 And many people were gathered together from the towns and villages, and the hill country; for they had heard of the conversion to the Apostles, and the many miracles which he had wrought.

6 And Paul preached mightily in Spain, and great multitudes believed and were converted, for they perceived he was an apostle sent from God.

7 And they departed out of Spain, and Paul and his company finding a ship in Armorica sailing unto Britain, they were therein, and passing along the south Coast, they reached a port called Raphinus. 

8 Now when it was voiced abroad that the Apostle had landed on their coast, great multitudes of the inhabitants met him, and they treated Paul courteously and he entered in at the east gate of their city, and lodged in the house of an Hebrew and one of his own nation. 

9 And on the morrow he came and stood upon Mount Lud and the people thronged at the gate, and assembled in the Broadway, and he preached Christ unto them, and they believed the Word and the testimony of Jesus. 

10 And at even the Holy Ghost fell upon Paul, and he prophesied, saying, Behold in the last days the God of Peace shall dwell in the cities, and the inhabitants thereof shall be numbered: and in the seventh numbering of the people, their eyes shall be opened, and the glory of their inheritance shine forth before them. The nations shall come up to worship on the mount the testifieth of the patience and long suffering of a servant of the Lord.

11 And in the latter days new tidings of the Gospel shall issue forth out of Jerusalem, and the hearts of the people shall rejoice, and behold, fountains shall be opened, and there shall be no more plague.

12 In those days there shall be wars and rumors of war; and a king shall rise up, and his sword, shall be for the healing of the nations, and his peacemaking shall abide, and the glory of his kingdom a wonder among princes. 

13 And it came to pass that certain of the Druids came unto Paul privately, and showed by their rites and ceremonies they were descended from the Jews which escaped from bondage in the land of Egypt, and the apostle believed these things, and he gave them the kiss of peace. 

14 And Paul abode in his lodgings three months confirming in the faith and preaching Christ continually.

15 And after these things Paul and his brethren departed from Raphinus and sailed unto Atium in Gaul.

16 And Paul preached in the Roman garrison and among the people, exhorting all men to repent and confess their sins.

17 And there came to him certain of the Belgae to inquire of him of the new doctrine, and of the man Jesus; And Paul opened his heart unto them and told them all things that had befallen him, howbeit, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; and they departed pondering among themselves upon the things which they had heard. 

18 And after much preaching and toil, Paul and his fellow laborers passed into Helvetia, and came to Mount Pontius Pilate, where he who condemned the Lord Jesus dashed himself down headlong, and so miserably perished. 

19 Immediately a torrent gushed out of the mountain and washed his body, broken in pieces, into a lake.

20 And Paul stretched forth his hands upon the water, and prayed unto the Lord, saying O Lord God, give a sign unto all nations that here Pontius Pilate, who condemned thine only-begotten son, plunged down headlong into the pit.

21 And while Paul was yet speaking, behold, there came a great earthquake, and the face of the waters was changed, and the form of the lake like unto the Son of Man hanging in an agony upon the Cross.

22 And a voice came out of heaven saying, Even Pilate hath escaped the wrath to come for he washed his hands before the multitude at the blood-shedding of the Lord Jesus

23 When, therefore, Paul and those that were with him saw the earthquake, and heard the voice of the angel, they glorified God, they were mightily strengthened in the spirit.

24 And they journeyed and came to Mount Julius where stood two pillars, one on the right hand and one on the left hand, erected by Caesar Augustus.

25 And Paul, filled with the Holy Ghost, stood up between the two pillars, saying, Men and brethren these stones which ye see this day shall testify of my journey hence; and verily I say, they shall remain until the outpouring of the spirit upon all nations, neither shall the way be hindered throughout all generations. 

26 And they went forth and came unto Illtricum, intending to go by Macedonia into Asia, and grace was found in all the churches, and they prospered and had peace. Amen.1


1 This version of Acts 29 was reproduced from a work known as the “Long Lost Chapter of the Acts of the Apostles.” Also referred to as the Sonnini Manuscript, it is named for C. S. Sonnini, who translated the document from the original Greek manuscript found in the archives at Constantinople (presented to him by the Sultan Abdoul Achmet). You will have to do your own research and draw your own conclusions as to the authenticity of this chapter addition to the Book of Acts. Here are links to two articles for your convenience: The Sonnini Manuscript (from The Saxon Messenger) and The Lost Chapter of Acts of the Apostles (from Torah Truth Seeker).

~ It is widely believed that 2 Timothy was Paul’s final letter written prior to his execution while held in Mamertine Prison in Rome. Tradition holds that Paul was beheaded by Nero.

How to Conquer the Spirit of Fear and Anxiety

How to Conquer the Spirit of Fear and Anxiety

George Orwell’s dystopian masterpiece “1984” paints a chilling portrait of prolonged fear and anxiety that many of us can relate to in 2022. The opening words of Orwell’s book sets the stage: “It was a bright cold day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen.”

The proverbial clock struck thirteen for many around the world with the onset of the coronavirus plandemic. It was our first experience with mask mandates, travel restrictions, lockdowns, and financial uncertainty. It seemed like the spirit of fear was unleashed without warning. Confusion and despondency had hitched a ride on a train bound for hopelessness.

The Origin of Fear

The Scriptures inform us that everyone has been held in bondage to fear at one time or another. When we are afraid, we do crazy things, like run away from our Creator and cook up our own solutions to the problems we face. This is nothing new. It started in Eden almost immediately after Adam and Chavah (Eve) transgressed divine law. Remarkably, this event is the first time fear is mentioned in the Bible.

And Yahuah Elohiym called unto A’dam, and said unto him, Where are you? And he said, I heard your voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.

Genesis 3:9,10 Eth Cepher

Before they sinned, the notion of fear was foreign to the first couple. All of their needs were met and they were spiritually in-sync with their Creator — able to hear His voice. They were one (echad) with the Father and reaped the benefits of that spiritual union with the blessings of peace of mind, provision, and happiness. That all changed when they were seduced into believing that the Father’s promises weren’t enough. The appeal to their carnal nature by the serpent was too potent for them to overcome.

And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: For Elohiym knows that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as elohiym, knowing good and evil.

Genesis 3:4,5 Eth Cepher
The Fall
The Fall. Expelled from Eden. Engraving by Scotin 1765

Sin has a way of stripping us of our armor and removing the hedge of protection given to all believers in Yeshua who are walking in covenant obedience. We are exposed when we rely on the “arm of the flesh” to rescue us. Our solutions to life’s problems become an idol of our own making. Uncertainty of what will happen to us in the future has a way of turning us all into cowards.

The Spirit of Fear

The spirit of fear is usually triggered by imagined threats to our future or well-being. If you’re a parent you worry about the welfare of your children. Singles and Senior citizens wonder how they’re going to make it alone if something really bad happens. And when we live in a prolonged state of constant fear, it not only incapacitates us but puts our emotional and physical health at risk.

Prolonged fear weakens our immune system and creates a hormonal imbalance that brings on the very health issues we worry about. Cardiovascular damage, gastrointestinal issues, impaired thinking, clinical depression, and fatigue are just a few of the problems created by long term anxiety.

fear 1

But Yah has not given his sons and daughters a spirit of fear. He expects us to trust Him when life goes south.

For God has not given us a spirit of fear, but of power, love, and self-control.

2 Timothy 1:7 Berean Study Bible

For you did not receive a spirit of slavery that returns you to fear, but you received the Spirit of sonship, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!”

Romans 8:15 Berean Study Bible

Believers in Yeshua have been given the Spirit of power, love, and self discipline. Our Father expects us to tap into that power when confronted with seemingly insurmountable obstacles in life. But we have to exercise these spiritual gifts like King David. When he confronted Goliath, his confidence had been built up over time by his successes in killing the lion and the bear that had threatened the sheep of his flock. Like in the past, David knew that the Most High would be there with him when he faced the giant from Gath in the valley of Elah.

Conquering Fear Through Faith and Trust

The only proven way to conquer the spirit of fear is to believe what our Heavenly Father says about it.

Have not I commanded you? Be strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be dismayed: for Yahuah Elohayka is with you whithersoever you go.

Joshua 1:9 Eth Cepher

It’s really that simple. Either we believe that Yah will see us through any catastrophe — real or imagined — or we don’t. The Word is either true or it’s not. You have to decide whether to put faith in your fears or in the promises given every believer that we will not be forsaken in our time of testing.

In every example of faith given in the letter to the Hebrews, action was also present.

By faith Noah, when warned about things not yet seen, in godly fear built an ark to save his family. By faith he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness that comes by faith.

Hebrews 11:7 Berean Study Bible

By faith Abraham, when called to go to a place he would later receive as his inheritance, obeyed and went, without knowing where he was going.

Hebrews 11:8 Berean Study Bible

By faith Moses’ parents hid him for three months after his birth, because they saw that he was a beautiful child, and they were unafraid of the king’s edict.

Hebrews 11:23 Berean Study Bible

Remember, faith is active, not passive. Faith requires action in the form of obedience. For example, you want to get out of debt. You pray and expect to receive a plan from the Holy Spirit on how to get it done. You take action by drawing up a budget and devising a plan to pay off your debt. Your faith (belief) in the promise of Yah to give you wisdom, coupled with the “works” of budgeting, discipline, and perseverance will result in becoming debt free one day!

Now, you can also choose to spend your money buying lottery tickets, hoping for a quick fix outcome. But the latter example is a “pie in the sky” means of relying on “luck” and is fleshly.

Trust in Yah’s Promises

Yah will do for us what masks, gloves, storable food, and vaccines can never do. He alone is our protection. When we abide in Him no evil or plague will overtake us. Yah says when we call on Him he will answer and be with us during times of trouble. When we look to Him during times of pressure and crisis our reward will be His salvation and long life.

We should never bow to the spirit of fear, no matter what form it takes. When we do, we are participating in a type of false worship; putting ourselves at the feet of timidity and cowardice. We are setting up unclean spirits as idols (authority) to be worshiped. If we listen to the voices in our heads that tell us we’re not going to make it, or that Yah doesn’t care, what will we do when the real pressure comes under the rule of the anti-messiah?

When we understand that fear is akin to worship and is a tool used by the enemy of our souls to exert control, we can break free from it and be released from the expectation of impending doom. When we seek wisdom (in faith), then the solution to any problem or situation we face will be made known to us.

Meditate in the fear of the Most High, and think upon His commandments continually: Then will He instruct thine heart, and He will make thee wise (in that) which thou desire.

Sirach 6:37 R.H. Charles Translation

Therefore do not worry, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’ For the Gentiles strive after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them. But seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things will be added unto you.

Matthew 6: 31-33 Berean Study Bible

Of course there are times when fear works to our advantage by preserving life. This is the fight or flight response. But living in a state of constant fear and worry weakens our immune system and can damage our heart, accelerate aging, and lead to premature death. Fear interrupts the brain’s ability to regulate emotions, which can have a negative impact on decision-making. Other consequences of prolonged anxiety are post traumatic stress disorder, clinical depression, and fatigue. There is also evidence to support the notion that it is possible to inherit trauma. In spiritual terms this equates to generational sin passed down to us from our ancestors.

Brothers and sisters I am not saying do not prepare for emergencies. It is always a good idea to do those things you know to do in order to protect your family from natural or man-made disasters. To the best of your ability put away emergency funds, food, water and other things you will need. But don’t put your faith in them. Only the Most high can protect us and shield us from events that are prophesied to occur in these last days.

God always gives his best to those who leave the choice with him.

Jim Elliot

For those of you worried about your children’s future, consider that Noah lived during times of incredible spiritual darkness. Knowing that men and beasts were going to be destroyed by a coming flood, he chose to have children anyway — 3 boys — when he was 500 years old.1 He, like Abraham to come, put his faith in the One who had the power to save. King David said…

I once was young and now am old, yet never have I seen the righteous abandoned or their children begging for bread.

Psalm 37: 25 Berean Study Bible

So, be wise. Prepare your souls for the coming of our High Priest and King Yeshua2 by living righteously. Study and practice what you read in the Scriptures. It will keep you from living in fear.

God is our refuge and strength, an ever present help in times of trouble. Therefore we will not fear.

Psalm 46: 1, 2(a) Berean Study Bible


1 Genesis 5:32

2 Read The Gospel Worth Dying For, “Yeshua Our High Priest”, Chapter 4, page 35

The Gospel of the Kingdom in Adam’s Genealogy

The Gospel of the Kingdom in Adam’s Genealogy

Seeds of the Gospel of the Kingdom were planted in the Genesis accounts of the creation, and Adam’s genealogy.a Just as the Father had infused nature with the ability to procreate, his instructions to the first couple mandated that they “be fruitful and multiply.” The act of procreation would create the “after their own kind” template which they had observed in nature.

However, what began with so much optimism and joy ended in shame. Because of their sin, Adam and his wife were evicted from Paradise. They were guilty of transgressing Yah’s commandment not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. This punishment would impact their progeny and creation itself.

Both thorns and thistles it will yield for you, and you will eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your brow you will eat your bread, until you return to the ground— because out of it were you taken. For dust you are, and to dust you shall return.

Genesis 3:18,19 (Berean Study Bible)

For the creation was subjected to futility, not by its own will, but because of the One who subjected it, in hope that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to decay and brought into the glorious freedom of the children of God.

Romans 8:20,21 (Berean Study Bible)

Although we know that the heavens and earth do not literally procreate, in Genesis it is metaphorically pointing to the events that will take place following the creation of “heaven and earth.”

These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens.

Genesis 2:4 (KJV)

Adam is the beginning of humanity. As his offspring, we are carriers of his genetic material — both physically and spiritually. The impact of Adam’s sin nature would ripple through thousands of generations.1

Yet, by the end of the fifth chapter of Genesis, hope begins to shine through the darkness. While pronouncing judgment on the couple and their adversary, our Heavenly Father also demonstrates His mercy. Yes, the man and his wife would be punished, but redemption was in their future. From the woman would eventually come a man known as the last Adam who would redeem humankind.

Yes, they would die. But they were also given the chance to live; through the coming of Yeshua (Jesus) as their savior and High Priest. This was evident during the arraignment proceedings involving the serpent, the man, and the woman. The verse outlining the serpent’s punishment may help us understand how “seed” is connected to the genetic history which can stem from either a person or event.

And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed. He shall bruise2 your head, and you shall bruise his heel.

Genesis 3:15 (KJV)

And I will put enmity between thee and the woman and between thy seed and her seed, he shall watch3 against thy head, and thou shalt watch against his heel.

Genesis 3:16 (LXX)

And I will put hatred between you and between the woman; and between your seed and between her seed. He will give heed to your head, and you will give heed to his heel.4

Genesis 3:15 (Apostolic Bible Polyglot)

Hostility would now define the relationship between the woman and Satan. More importantly, the enemy would target her righteous offspring, culminating in the crucifixion of the coming Messiah.

When you break out the Hebrew words for bruise, heed, and heel you get fascinating insights into what is going on here. You could conceivably paraphrase it to read:

And I will put hostility between you (the serpent) and the woman, and between your progeny (the coming anti-messiah and/or including the unrighteous) and her Seed (Yeshua). He (Yeshua) shall observe and keep an eye on you and you (the serpent) will track him from the rear, watching and following his steps.

Adam’s Genealogy Spawns Generational Curses

The early years of marriage for Adam and Chavah (Eve) were filled with heartache. Envy led to fratricide with the murder of Abel at the hand of his brother Cain. Cain’s jealousy got the best of him and what was in his heart spilled out as rage and the first murderous act.

Cain and Abel
“Cain and Abel” by Palma il Giovane (1603)

“The other night I ate at a really nice family restaurant. Every table had an argument going.”

George Carlin

Before we examine Adam’s genealogy, we should set the stage by focusing on the Hebrew word tôldôt. It can be defined as “an account of men and their descendants.” 5 Tôldôt (H8435) is the “story” or genetic line that is propagated from a person or event. When you understand how tôldôt works in the Genesis narrative, you will see how the Gospel of the Kingdom prophecy unfolds throughout multiple generations. It is the narrowing and expanding of Adam’s family tree which will ultimately make good on Yah’s promise of a coming Deliverer and a literal heavenly Kingdom on earth.

The genealogies mentioned in Genesis include those of:

  • The heavens and earth
  • Adam
  • Cain
  • Noah and his sons: Shem, Ham, Japheth
  • The nations descended from Noah (his sons)
  • Abram/Abraham (Isaac and Jacob) and his descendants through Hagar and Keturah
  • Lot
  • Esau

Although the temptation is strong to skip these patriarchal family trees, you should read and study them. They contain scriptural nuggets of information that will help you understand the entirety of the Bible narrative.

Hebrew Names Mean Something

Names carry deep meanings in the Hebrew language. This is evident through out the Biblical canon. We cannot give a conclusive answer as to how baby names were chosen. However, based on various Scripture accounts taken in context, circumstances at birth no doubt played a part.

In the Bible, many names said just what they meant. Names were more than just labels. To ancient Hebrews and Babylonians, nothing existed until it had a name. Its name expressed its character.

Professor David Noel Freedman, University of California at San Diego

Here are examples of different types of ancient Hebrew naming nomenclature categories:

  1. Honoring the Almighty
  2. Expressions of character or mission
  3. Name change designed to reflect a person’s new disposition
  4. Acting as an agent in the name of another
  5. Prophetic implications

Honoring the Almighty

The personal name of the Eternal One, the Tetragrammaton YHWH, occurs 5,321 times in the biblical canon of 66 books. Since Hebrew does not contain vowels, there is much controversy surrounding the correct spelling and pronunciation of The Name. Some say the Almighty’s name is Yahweh, others prefer Yahuah. We will leave this to you to research and draw your own conclusions.6

However, since Yah’s name identifies his nature, a mention of His name is equivalent to identifying His character. Here are a few name-based meanings of Yah’s name:

  • to be
  • I am [is] what I am
  • I cause to be
  • I create
  • faithful presence
  • the Existing One
  • Eternal

In the Scriptures you can see many examples of people whose names are appended with “El” or “Yah” — Hebrew words for God (Most High Elohim).

Transliterated NameHebrew Name
Spellings of names in Hebrew taken from The Scriptures 2009 Bible (TS2009)

Expressions of Character or Mission

When naming their offspring, many Hebrew parents chose names that would define the character or mission of the child. Sometimes angels would appear on behalf of Yah (God) with a name that had been chosen by the Father. This happened with Sarah (Genesis 17:19) in the naming of Isaac, Zacharias (Luke 1:13) in the naming of John the Immerser (Baptist), and Joseph the husband of Mary (Matthew 1:20,21) in the naming of Yeshua.

Isaac’s name means “laughter”, which is what this child brought to his mother and Father Abraham after a lengthy period of barrenness. John is Yochanan or Ioannes (Greek). It means “Yah is a gracious giver” or “Yah has graced.” How fitting for Zacharias and Elizabeth who had also been unable to conceive for many years.

But God replied, “Your wife Sarah will indeed bear you a son, and you are to name him Isaac. I will establish My covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him.

Genesis 17:19 Berean Study Bible7 (BSB)

But the angel said, “Don’t be afraid, Zechariah! God has heard your prayer. Your wife, Elizabeth, will give you a son, and you are to name him John.

Luke 1:13 New Living Translation (NLT)

The most profound example of “mission” is in the pronouncement of the birth of Yeshua (Jesus), whose name means salvation.

But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.”

Matthew 1:20,21 New International Version (NIV)

Name Change Designed to Reflect a Person’s New Disposition

The first instance of a person having their name changed was Hoshea. Moses decided to change Hoshea’s name to Joshua before he was sent on a mission to spy out the land of Canaan — the Promised land. How fitting since this is the land where New Jerusalem will set down following the Day of the Lord.

These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun, Joshua

Numbers 13:16 (KJV)

Whereas Hosea means “salvation”, Joshua means “Jehovah (Yehovab) is salvation.”

Abram and Sarai were given the names Abraham and Sarah. So Abram went from being known as “exalted father” (Genesis 11:26,27) to “father of a multitude.” Sarai, the wife of Abram, would become Sarah, the “princess.”8

Simon becomes Peter “the rock” and Jacob “the supplanter” is renamed Israel, meaning “governed by Yah” or “he will rule as Yah.”9

Acting As An Agent

When you say you are acting “in the name” of someone, it means that you are that person’s legal and authoritative representative. You are authorized to act on their behalf. This is the role of an agent — a person through which power is exerted or an end achieved.

When we end our prayers with the words “in Yeshua’s (Jesus’) name, we are invoking the power and authority of his name as granted to him by Yah. We are making our petition in the name of Yeshua on the authority granted to him by the Father. Agency in action is seen in the burning bush episode witnessed by Moses (Exodus 3:2), the encounter with the angel and Samson’s parents (Judges 13:3-6), and the fiery furnace experience of the three Hebrew men. (Daniel 3:20)10

Prophetic Implications

The prophets acted as agents of the Most High. By saying something “in the name of God” they were in effect saying that they were His agents and spoke on His behalf. The Prophet Hosea, on at least three occasions, named his children based on orders he received from the Almighty. Their names were living, breathing icons of what was to come for rebellious Israel.

So he went and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim, and she conceived and bore him a son. Then the LORD said to him: “Call his name Jezreel, for in a little while I will avenge the bloodshed of Jezreel on the house of Jehu, and bring an end to the kingdom of the house of Israel.

Hosea 1:3,4 (NKJV)

And she conceived again and bore a daughter. Then God said to him: “Call her name Lo-Ruhamah,” for I will no longer have mercy on the house of Israel, but I will utterly take them away.

Hosea 1:6 (NKJV)

Now when she had weaned Lo-Ruhamah, she conceived and bore a son. Then God said: “Call his name L0-Ammi, for you are not My people, and I will not be your God.”

Hosea 1:8,9 (NKJV)

Adam’s Genealogy in Genesis

The late Chuck Missler is often quoted as saying “God always rewards the diligent student.” When you take the time to study Adam’s genealogy up to Noah, you will be rewarded.

The great discovery is that the Bible is a message system: it’s not simply 66 books penned by 40 authors over thousands of years. The Bible is an integrated whole which bears evidence of supernatural engineering in every detail.

Chuck Missler
Genealogy of Adam to Noah
Adam’s family line up to Noah (Genesis 5)

Let’s take a closer look at the meaning of each of Adam’s righteous offspring and see what they reveal that is not explicitly stated in the Genesis 5 narrative. However, you must keep in mind that proper names are often difficult to translate precisely since most lexicons and concordances tend to render superficial meanings. There is also much contention and controversy amongst academics regarding the true meanings of the original roots of the words being examined. Nevertheless, let’s take a stab at it and see what we can uncover.

PersonStrong’s NumberMeaning of Name
SethH8352substituted or appointed
Enosh/EnosH583mortal, frail, mankind
KenanH7018sorrow, dirge or elegy
MahalalelH4111/H410blessed, mighty one
JaredH3382to go or come down
EnochH2585train up or teach
MethuselahH4968his death sends
LamechH3929low, to be low, lament
NoahH5146rest, comfort

The Gospel in Genesis

Now that we have built the proper foundation, let’s string these meanings together.

Man is appointed mortal sorrow but the blessed mighty one shall come down to teach. His death will bring the lamenting rest.

As we said, the Father rewards the diligent student who is willing to dig deeper than most when studying the Scriptures. Before we continue, here are a few things to consider:

Hebrew was originally written with symbols called pictographs. When Judah was taken captive and sent to Babylon they adopted the Aramaic language/writing of their captors and used it to write Hebrew. So, what we call Hebrew in our day is actually Aramaic in origin.

paleo hebrew
Example of ancient Paleo Hebrew

The ancient Hebrew language is rooted in a connection to the five senses — it is “concrete” and not “abstract.” The Greek mind filters information according to its appearance. The Hebraic mind evaluates reality in ways that can be discerned through our five senses. In order to do proper research of Hebrew words in your Bible study, you have to shut down the Greek part of your brain and adopt an ancient Hebrew mindset. When doing your research, remember this:

All existing Hebrew Lexicons of the Bible convert the vocabulary of the ancient Hebrews into a vocabulary compatible to our modern western language. The greatest problem with this is that it promotes western thought when reading the Biblical text.

Jeff A. Benner, The Ancient Hebrew Lexicon of the Bible, 2005

Unpacking The Genealogy of Adam

Here is how this genealogy was sussed out.11


Adam:  ארם  [aleph-dahlet-mem]: 

Red: to be red as a color or through the shedding of blood. 

Man: from the reddish skin; ruddy, man, Adam, person.


Seth/Sheth: שח [sheen,seen-khet]: 

Compensation (BDB) From H7896: to put, that is substituted; Sheth, third son of Adam: Seth, Sheth. The idea of compensation is clear in Genesis 4:24. You will find that the notion of compensation is rendered as “appointed” in the following Bible translations: KJV, NKJV, NAS, NASB 1995/1997, the ASV and the JPS Tanakh 1917.

In the Scriptures, when someone was appointed they were placed in a position or office for an intended purpose or complete a task. Seth was the man who was raised up to continue the line from which our Messiah would come. He was “compensation” for the death of Abel. (Genesis 30:28, Genesis 41:34, Numbers 1:50, Esther 2:3, Jeremiah 51:27)

And Adam knew his wife again; and she bore a son, and called his name Seth: ‘for God hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel; for Cain slew him.’ JPS Tanakh 1917

And Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son and named him Seth, “For God has appointed another seed for me instead of Abel, whom Cain killed. NKJV

And Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore a son, and called his name Seth, saying, For God has raised up to me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew. LXX

And Adam had sexual relations again with Eve, his wife, and she conceived, and she bore a son, and she called his name Shayth, because God gives to me another seed for the sake of Habyl, whom Qayn killed. Aramaic Bible in Plain English


Enoch/Enos: אנוש [aleph-nun-vav-sheen]: 

Man, son of Seth is the standard translation of Enos. However, when you dig deeper the name yields other fascinating tidbits from Enos’ name. The Hebrew letter vav (ו) means to add, secure, bind (nailed to) and to covenant. Nun (נ) means offspring, descendant, son or continue. Sheen (ש ) can mean repeat, two, both or second. 

In Alfred Jones’ Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names, Enosh is translated to mean “man, frail and miserable.” The  NOBSE Study Bible Name List defines it as “mortal.”


Kenan: קינן [koof-yod-nun-nun sohfeet]:

Some study aides and Bible translations erroneously equate Cainan with Kenan. The Strong’s definition is weak, defining the name Kenan as “a descendant of Seth.” Duh. This is not productive.

Kenan may even be thought to originate from the verb קונן (qonen), which means to chant a dirge,12 or from the noun קינה (qina), meaning lamentation or a sorrowful song. 13 Taken this way Kenan can mean “lamenter.” Sorrow and lamentation are comparable in that to be sorrowful means unhappiness or woe. Lament is an expression of grief, suffering, or sadness. Why is sorrow or lamentation connected to Kenan? Genesis 4:26 may provide a clue.

And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the LORD. KJV

The most prominent usage here has to do with calling on the name of God. Usually, the context has to do with a critical or chronic need (e.g. after Cain killed Abel, man realized the full effects of the curse and began to call on God’s name–Gen 4:26) The godly recognize the presence of original sin by their continual calling on God. God responds to all who thus call on him. Indeed, the covenant people (including the stranger, I Kings 8:43) are admonished to so pray and are assured that God will reverse the curse. Not to so call on God is to deserve and justly received God’s wrath.14

R. Laird Harris, Gleason L. Archer & Bruce K. Walke, Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, p. 810


Mahalalel: מהללאל [mem-hay-lamed-lamed-aleph-lamed]:

Praise of God, shining one of El, blessed El, or blessed Mighty One. The noun מהלל (mahalel), means praise, from the root הלל (halal), which means to shine or praise. Mahalalel comes from mahalal which can mean blessed; and El (capitalized) is the title (not name) of the Most High.


Jared: ירד [yod-resh-dahlet]:

To descend or come down. From the verb yarad. It was during Jared’s life that the Watcher angels “came down” from heaven and mated with mortal women to produce the Nephilim (fallen ones) offspring mentioned in Genesis 6.


Enoch: חנון[khet-nun-vahv-nun sohfeet]:

There are actually 3 Enochs mentioned in the Genesis narrative. The first was a son of Cain. The second is a town that was built in the land of Nod. The third is the prophet Enoch, son of Jared in Seth’s line, in the seventh generation from Adam. His name means to teach, train, to initiate or be dedicated. The etymology of his name stems from the root חנך (hanak).

Contrary to what most Protestant churches teach, Enoch was not taken to heaven at age 365. He was taken to Paradise, or Eden (which was still on earth at the time prior to the flood of Noah). The verse (Genesis 5:24) that says “God took him” simply means he was taken from one place and transported to another place. No one, including Elijah, would have been taken to heaven above before Yeshua, the first fruits of the resurrection.15

And I also will give you commandment, my sons, as Enoch commanded his son in the first Jubilees: while still living, the seventh in his generation, he commanded and testified to his son and to his sons’ sons until the day of his death.

Jubilees 7:39, R.H. Charles translation


Methuselah: מתושח[mem-tav-vahv-sheen-khet]:

Strong’s Concordance defines Methuselah to mean “man of the dart”– telling us that the root for metu is mat (#4962) which means man and shelach (#7973) meaning weapon or missile; therefore, “dart.”

But wait. There’s more. 

Jones’ Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads מות (mut) for the first part and translates the whole name as “when he is dead it shall be sent.”

Here is another way to look at Methuselah’s name:

But there is another possible meaning for this name. The word metu may be derived from the word mot meaning death and the “u” is a suffix that means “their” – “their death.” There is no way to know for certain if the final vowel in metu was an “o” or a “u” as the vowel pointings that make that distinction are of fairly recent origin. If it was originally an “o” then the suffix would change to “his” – “his death.” The word shelach (missile or weapon) is the noun form of the verb shalach meaning “to send” (a missile or weapon that is sent). Shelach has the more literal meaning of “to send something.” We now have the possible meaning of “their death sends” or “his death sends.”

Jeff A. Benner

What would Methuselah’s death send? The flood!


Lamech: למד [lamed-mem-dahlet]:

Adam’s family tree produced two Lamech’s in the Genesis account. One was the son of Cain. The other was the father of Noah and son of Methuselah. The name is hard to translate because למד is not found anywhere in the texts of Scripture, so a definitive meaning is hard to pinpoint with accuracy. However, a plausible interpretation of Lamech’s name it tied to the veep mok (Strong’s #4134) and means “low” or “to be low” when ל is the prefix. It is echoed in the English word lament or lamentation and suggests a condition of despairing.


Noah: נֹחַ [nun-khet]:

The name Noah (Strong’s H5146) simply means “rest.”

Noah is an illustration of an ancient and proverbial righteous man. The etymology of the name is uncertain. In Genesis 5:29 it is associated probably as a word play wit the verb nāham (comfort, bring relief), but appears to be more directly related to nûah which…connotes rest and salvation.

Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, p. 563

Genealogies Matter

Adam's genealogy family tree (conceptual)
Photo Credit: Sebastian Pichler

When you encounter a section of the Bible that lists a rather lengthy genealogy do you put it in the TL;DR (too long, didn’t read) category of your mind? Then you are missing out on important revelations that anchor Scripture to history and Yahuah’s plan of redemption of mankind.

Every word, jot, and tittle is important. Why? Because the Eternal One, through His Ruach, wanted it to be recorded as a historical record.

Here are the top 5 reasons why genealogies matter:

  • They anchor us to secular and religious history
  • They prove that the Bible is a book about real people whose actions and choices matter
  • They remind us of Yah’s sovereign plans that lead to the coming Kingdom
  • They display Yah’s perfect timing in world events
  • They point to the Messiah and High Priest first alluded to in Genesis 3

All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness.

2 Timothy 3:16, ESV


1 1 Corinthians 15:21,22(BSB ): “For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead comes also through a man. For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.”

2 The Hebrew word for bruise used here is suph. (Strong’s #H7779) Brown Driver Briggs (BSB)defines is as “to crush, overwhelm, or gape upon; to snap at; figuratively to overwhelm: break, bruise, cover.”

3 The Hebrew word for heed or watch is tereo. (Strong’s #H5083) It can mean to “guard (from loss or injury), properly by keeping the eye upon. Thayer defines it to mean “to attend to carefully, take care of, to guard, to observe, to reserve: to undergo something.

4 Heel in Hebrew is also the word aqeb. (Strong’s #6119) BDB defines it as “hinder part, rear” (Strong) a heel (as protuberant); hence a track; figuratively the rear (of an army).

5 Definition from The Outline of Biblical Usage by Larry Pierce, creator of the Online Bible.

6 For more information consult the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, by R. Laird Harris, Gleason L. Archer Jr., and Bruce K. Waltke, The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago, 1980, pp. 210-212

7 An angel came in the agency of the Father. The words he spoke were taken as if they came from the lips of the Most High himself. See The Gospel Worth Dying For, Chapter 9, “Agency and Prolepsis”

8 Genesis 17: 3, Genesis 17:15

9 Genesis 32:28

10 For more information on what happened inside Nebuchadnezzar’s oven, read the Prayer of Azariah which was once included in the King James 1611 Bible.

11 Resources used for this section includes James Strong, Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible (Updated), Hendrickson Publishers, 2017; Jeff A. Benner,, 2005, Ancient Hebrew Lexicon; R. Laird Harris, Gleason L. Archer, Jr., Bruce K. Waltke, Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, Volumes 1 and 2, The Moody Bible Institute, 1980; and Francis Brown, Samuel Rolles Driver, Charles Augustus Briggs (editors), A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament, 1906 (Based on the Hebrew-German lexicon of Wilhelm Gesenius).

12 Ezekiel 27:32, 1 Samuel 1:17

13 Jeremiah 7:19, Ezekiel 2:10

14 Another interpretation adopted by Jewish expositors is that men at the time profanely called on God’s name, insinuating that this was the birth of idolatry. The in which Enos lived could have marked a profound split in the behaviors of the righteous and unrighteous.

15 See The Gospel Worth Dying For, Chapter 5, “The Resurrections”, page 62

a This is the genealogy from Adam to Noah only.

b See Strong’s #H1954 and #H3091

Who’s Afraid of Flat Earth Biblical Cosmology?

Who’s Afraid of Flat Earth Biblical Cosmology?

The first time I mentioned flat earth biblical cosmology it blew up in my face. Just like a new believer in Messiah, I was on fire to share what I had learned in the Scriptures about how the Father had designed our home called earth. First, a close friend shunned me. Then, I received a few disapproving stares at a 2016 Sukkot gathering. They were having none of it.

If you are reading this post, then you have probably been on both sides of the biblical cosmology fence at one time. However, after you embrace a geocentric creation model, you can count on getting the stink eye from those who disagree. So my fellow brothers and sisters, here is a list of books to add to your library that will help you make your case.

5 Biblical Cosmology Books That Support Flat Earth

The Doctrine of the Shape of the Earth book cover

The Doctrine of the Shape of the Earth: A Comprehensive Biblical Perspective

Author: Nathan Roberts


Do you trust God’s Word to be Faithful and True? Have you ever considered what the authors of the Bible, who were inspired by God, wrote about regarding the shape of the Earth? Does God’s Word even mention the topic? Are NASA’s claims and the mainstream Scientific Community in complete alignment with God’s Word, or are there some contradictions? If there are contradictions, does it really matter? Did God intend for us to interpret his description of his Earth as mere poetry and metaphors? Is it possible that NASA has debunked God’s Word at our subconscious? Does God’s Word state that he created a Globe Earth, Flat Earth, or some other kind of shaped Earth? Does God care what you believe the shape of the Earth to be? The answers to these questions and many many more are within, and you may just be surprised.

Amazon Link

The House That Jesus Built book cover

The House that Jesus Built: The Biblical Shape of the Earth

Author: Matt Long


It is said that the Bible is not a science book. That is true. Science books were written by men attempting to describe the things of God, while at the same time, removing God from the equation. The Bible does not function on such illogic. It has never issued a second, third or fourth edition. The Bible does not waiver or change based on scientific trends or theories of the day, for the Bible is ultimate truth and ultimate truth cannot change. According to John 1, Hebrews 1 and Colossians 1, Jesus is the maker of all things and Romans 1 says that we can get to know the Creator through the things that were made. If Jesus is the Creator and we can get to know the Creator through creation, should we not study what that creation is according to scripture? After all, Jesus himself disagreed with modern scientific claims. The fact that Jesus disagreed with modern science should not scare us as modern Christians. It should empower us to investigate the claims of modern science, knowing that if the two disagree, there is likely an evil cultural agenda at play, through the devil’s use of our traditional media, social media and established scientific community.

Amazon Link

The Greatest Lie On Earth book cover

The Greatest Lie on Earth: Proof That Our World Is Not A Moving Globe

Author: Edward Hendrie


This book reveals the mother of all conspiracies. It sets forth biblical proof and irrefutable evidence that will cause the scales to fall from your eyes and reveal that the world you thought existed is a myth. The most universally accepted scientific belief today is that the earth is a globe, spinning on its axis at a speed of approximately 1,000 miles per hour at the equator, while at the same time it is orbiting the sun at approximately 66,600 miles per hour. All of this is happening as the sun, in turn, is supposed to be hurtling through the Milky Way galaxy at approximately 500,000 miles per hour. The Milky Way galaxy, itself, is alleged to be racing through space at a speed ranging from 300,000 to 1,340,000 miles per hour.

What most people are not told is that the purported spinning, orbiting, and speeding through space has never been proven. In fact, every scientific experiment that has ever been performed to determine the motion of the earth has proven that the earth is stationary. Yet, textbooks ignore the scientific proof that contradicts the myth of a spinning and orbiting globe. Christian schools have been hoodwinked into teaching heliocentrism, despite the clear teaching in the bible that the earth is not a sphere and does not move. This book reveals the evil forces behind the heliocentric deception, and why scientists and the Christian churches have gone along with it.

Amazon Link

Graven Image: Why the Earth is Not A Globe book cover

Graven Image: Why The Earth Is Not A Globe

Author: Vincent Rhodes


The globe is an image of the earth that was first promoted by the Greeks. However, ancient biblical records reveal that the image of the globe was considered a graven image by the Hebrews. “You shall not make unto yourself any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above…” (Exodus 20:4). The globe is an image that sits in every classroom worldwide.

Could it be that our generation has unwittingly embraced a modern form of idolatry without knowing it? Vincent Rhodes will answer this question and more in this fascinating book that reveals the true nature of our earth; and why the globe is a graven image.

Amazon Link

The Sphere of Influence book cover

The Sphere of Influence: The Heliocentric Perversion of the Gospel

Author: Edward Hendrie


This book is a sequel to The Greatest Lie on Earth (Expanded Edition): Proof That Our World Is Not a Moving Globe. It will primarily focus on the infiltration into the church of the superstitious myth of heliocentrism and how that infiltration has served to undermine the gospel. The gospel is the entire Holy Bible, not just some of it. Matthew 4:4. Christian belief is an all or nothing proposition. “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.” 2 Timothy 3:16.

God’s account of his creation is part and parcel of the gospel. A person with genuine faith believes what Jesus said about both heavenly and earthly things. “If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things?” John 3:12.

Amazon Link